First Known When Lost: A Life
At the news of the nun Jutei’s death
never think of yourself
as someone who did not count —
festival of the souls
Bashō (translated by Makoto Ueda), Ibid, page 393.
At the beginning of 1694, the final year of his life, Bashō was living in Tokyo (then known as Edo). His health was poor. In April of the previous year, his beloved nephew Tōin, who Bashō had taken into his home and cared for, had died of tuberculosis. In the same year, he had “begun to look after a woman named Jutei and her three children, although, except for one of the children, they lived separately from him. Surviving records are vague on Jutei’s identity, but they suggest Bashō had had some kind of close relationship with her in his young days. Her children, however, do not seem to have been fathered by Bashō.” Makoto Ueda, Bashō and His Interpreters: Selected Hokku with Commentary (Stanford University Press 1991), page 348.
Sensing that his death was approaching, on June 3, 1694, Bashō set off on a journey to Ueno (his hometown), which is located approximately 350 kilometers southwest of Tokyo. He intended to see his relatives and friends for the last time. He arrived on June 20. Late in July, while still in Ueno, he learned that Jutei had died suddenly in Tokyo. Bashō never returned to Tokyo. He died in Osaka on November 28.
The Japanese word for “festival of the souls” is tamamatsuri. “Tamamatsuri, more commonly known as urabon (the bon festival), is an annual Buddhist rite at which each family offers prayers to the souls of its ancestors. In Bashō’s time it was held for four days, beginning on the thirteenth of the lunar seventh month. In 1694, that day was September 2.” Ibid, page 393.
Source: First Known When Lost: A Life